Pantanal is vast sediment lowland formed 65 million of years ago. Since when South America separated itself from Africa, and with the continuous movement of the tectonic places in direction West, the shape of a cashew nut was closed forming an inland sea that disappeared while the formation of Andes Mountain-chain, that provoked the emerging of the Chapada dos Guimarães – the largest collection of emergent rocks in the World, where today are the water spring of many rivers that feed it. The tendency of the Pantanal to become from lowland to a tableland has been broken for at least 200 years by the man who introduced here the cattle activity. Bred in huge areas, the presence of the cattle delays this tendency – what allows that still many animals species survive, making this ecological sanctuary an example of harmonic coexistence man-nature. A true mosaic of vegetations, Pantanal receives influences from the Amazon Rain Forest, from Caatinga, from Savannah, from Atlantic Rain Forest, from Pampas and from Chaco. An explosion of life is shown on its dynamic cylces: at the Dry Season (May to September), small water pools shelter a large diversity of wildlife that is the food supply to many species of birds – many of them migratory from many parts of the Planet; at the Wet Season (October to April), its few non flooded areas host many mammals that find their a shelter for the period. The Savannah is the vegetation that covers all the Brazilian Central Plateau – the large water divisor of four of the most important river basins in the continent (to the North, the Amazon Basin; to the Northeast, the Araguaia and Saint Francisco Basins and, to the South, the Silver Basin). The conservation of the Savannah is essential to the conservation of two of the most important biomes in the Planet – the Amazon Rain Forest and the Pantanal Lowland.
                  Losing only to the Atlantic Rain Forest, the Savannah is the biome with more species of plants. Transformed on the last agricultural frontier in Brazil during the 70’s, when it was found that the use of lime could correct the acidity of the soil, the Savannah is the most destroyed environment among the South-America biomes. The destruction arc has already deforested the transition Savannah/Amazon, but some conserved areas located at the North of Mato Grosso allied to others on the south of Amazonas and Pará States make this region a barrier against the total devastation of the Amazon Rain Forest. Various threats to the environmental balance happens, like the use of mercury on the gold mining, at the region of Poconé; the invasion of the sugar cane agriculture at the regions of Aquidauana and Miranda; the clogging of the rivers like Taquari, provoked by an extensive agriculture that don’t protect the gallery forest and permit the transportation of the sand to the water courses, but the most dangerous is the project of the Hidrovia (Waterway) Paraguay-Paraná, that pretends turn these rivers navigable the whole year around, for attending the transportation of the soya beans produced in the North of the State. The project foresees the adequacy of the rivers to the boats (instead of doing the most reasonable, which would be right the opposite of this), making all curves right and making the rivers deeper, what could bring to the water surface a lot of toxic materials, contaminating fishes and men; more than increase the water flow speed, what could provoke the end of 30% of the flooding area in Pantanal. On a reverse way, many conserved areas, in Federal as well in State level help the protection of the Savannah, Amazon and Pantanal. The Caracara National Park, located at the meeting of the Cuiabá to the Paraguay rivers is a great spectacle of scenarios and landscapes; the Tayamã Ecological Station, at the meeting of the untouched Paraguayzinho to the Paraguay rivers and the Meeting of Waters Park, both in Pantanal, are the largest habitat of the Jaguar (Panthera Onca) and the visit is under authorization; the Xingu National Park, created to host the indigenous who were living along the construction of the epic road Cuiabá/ Santarém is today the 5th largest indigenous park in the World, containing varied ethnics. The Pantanal itself is not a park, but its area is conserved by the Federal Constitution of Brazil. Its conservation depend on the disposition of the owners of its ranches, who are allow to use only 35% of their areas, but also depend on the attitude of its visitors, that could take the option of acquiring programs that take in consideration the respect to the nature (many tourism enterprises have been known for damaging the environment balance on feeding animals such as Giatn-otters, Tapirs, Jaguars, ‘guaranteeing’, this way, its observation. - Be aware! The tour operators that guarantee the observation of animals could be contributing to the disappearing of these animals and to the disequilibrium of the food-chain. - Don’t be accomplice of the destruction of the Pantanal: with Natureco, visitors learn that, so important as the approaching to the animals or a beautiful photography, is to know that your presence doesn’t disturb the routine of the wildlife.
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